Propranolol is a medicinal substance given to people to control the body’s activity. It contains compounds that block the chemicals that fire up a person’s body. Because its target organ is the heart, propranolol has to be used with precaution lest there be dire consequences and acute side effects. In this article, we shall look at the things that can make propranolol side effects in children become more acute and more pronounced.
This drug can be administered to children to help them recover from various conditions like migraines, excessive anxiety and high blood pressure. But before it is administered, the child’s caretaker has to bear allergies in mind. A good number of propranolol side effects in children arise when the drug is administered without paying attention to the child’s allergic reactions. If the child has an allergy against propranolol or any of its components or if s/he has had some severe coughing, shortness of breath, swelling, itching or hives, ensure that the doctor is fully aware of those conditions before the child starts consuming the drug.
Another common cause of propranolol side effects in children is sudden stoppage of drug administration. Because the drug’s field of operation is the blood circulation system, rapid changes are likely to engender dramatic reactions. Ideally, consumption of propranolol should be stopped gradually. A doctor’s discretion is required in ensuring that this process is conducted effectively. Therefore, the child’s custodian has to coordinate with a doctor to see to the proper stoppage of the child’s propranolol consumption.
Something else that can catalyze propranolol side effects in children is the attention paid to the ailments that a child has. Some body conditions require a very tactical administration of this drug to ensure that the body’s defenses are not subdued. Some of those conditions are bronchitis, diabetes, asthma, kidney diseases, a slow heartbeat, psoriasis and high blood pressure. For some of these conditions, administration of propranolol is strictly prohibited while for some, the drug can be administered after a doctor has analyzed the severity.
Body condition aside, propranolol side effects in children can also be intensified if the child uses this drug alongside other substances. As such, the child’s caretaker should ensure that the child using propranolol does not take an excess of substances with caffeine. Chocolate should also be used discriminately because it contains substances that can tamper with the working of the drug. Also as a precautionary measure, ensure that the long-acting products that have propranolol are not split improperly. DO not let the child crush, chew or break such products. But it is safe to mix the syrup propranolol with such things as soda and fruit juice to enhance its palatability.
The mode of dosage can also influence the propranolol side effects in children. It is advised that the child takes the drug with strict adherence to the dosage. In case of a missed dosage, it is unadvisable to administer two doses at a time. The custodian should not change the dose or stop administering the drug before s/he gets a doctor’s go-ahead.